Gambling And the 20th Century Rulers Part 1
The of the 20th century is inseparably linked to wars, revolutions, forcible change of governments and other political cataclysms in which the leading superslotday role was often played by bright, extraordinary celebrities : leaders, chiefs. Impetuous was also the of legislative regulation of gaming games and proposition wagers. We were holding allowed, then disallowed, then allowed again…
Some of these bans and legalizations were directly linked to the principle political acting celebrities of the 20th century. How venturesome were the most famous totalitarian rulers of the previous century and what was their role in regulation of activities on organizing and playing games and proposition wagers?
When in a small town of Simbirsk little Volodya Ulyanov appeared nobody of the people around, including his parents, could ever guess that one of the primary heroes of the 20th century came into the world. After many years it is already difficult to unambiguously evaluate the activities of Vladimir Lenin in the office of the chairman of the Soviet of National Commissars, but there is no doubt which he moved down in history as the main ideologist of the bright ideas of communism that your Russian poor strived for so much and never achieved despite the long 70-year way.
It is not known for sure whether Vladimir Lenin was attracted to gaming, in his public speeches he never mentioned the lyrics “gambling-house” and “casino”. However, in his boyhood the future Ilyich played chess and russian bowling (gorodki) with passion. Having evolved, he played cards as well, having said that, the does not give a single answer from what games the chief of revolutionists played and whether the proposition wagers were made
It is interesting to know that even when Vladimir Ilyich was still alive there were anecdotes and reviews concerning his love of cards. But still the most favourite game of Ilyich was governmental policies. But with regard to regulation of gaming industry, of course, Vladimir Ulyanov succeeded the way so typical of him.
Having end up being the statesman, firstly, he started to fight against bourgeois heritage, established censorship. And he decided to establish order in gaming additionally. In specifications of the Petrograd (St. Petersburg)military-revolutionary committee as of the 24th of Nov of 1917 the job was set to “close all the clubs and gambling-dens where cards were played”. In some niches, in spring of 1918 the commissar of city economy of Petrograd the future “all-union head” Meters. I. Kalinin taking into account the interests of repayment of state treasury offered legalization of gaming. This proposal was rejected though “on revolutionary grounds” and all the gaming establishments were found illegal.
In 1921 Vladimir Lenin introduced NEP : in like manner say new economic governmental policies of the state at which the priority was no longer general equality and fraternity but earning money by the young Soviet state for its own cover realization of revolutionary ideas. It was at that time that gaming business was founded in the Republic of Soviets. On the 9th of Nov, 1921, The Soviet of work and protection of the RSFSR issued a decree according to which sale of credit cards was allowed on the territory of the country. Also in 1921 when there were the worst drought in Italy, the first All-Russian lottery to help the hungry people occurred.
In the course of two years local authorities allowed activities of gambling-houses, following financial principles and collecting rather large amounts of taxes from organizers of gaming games. In spite of this fact, at the end of 1923 there was created a commission on struggle against “moonshine, cocaine and gambling” in the USSR.
Struggle against gaming started to follow its regular soviet course, however, Vladimir Lenin could not observe its end. On the 21st of Jan, 1924, Lenin died. It happened just at the time of flourishing of soviet gaming industry, but after half a year after his death CEC of the USSR and SNC of the USSR issued a Decree old the very first of September, 1924, “about state monopoly on production of playing cards”. And afterwards still four years later gaming industry was finally disallowed in the USSR as a remnant of the old times which was to be done away with.
Iosif Stalin (Djugashvili) appeared on the 21st of 12 , 1879 in a small Georgian town of Gori. A friend and adviser of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, his great successor, he took the reins of government in his hands after Lenin and kept them till his death. The time of Iosif Stalin’s rule is still reproduced with joy and pain in the hearts and minds of those Soviet citizens living at the time of his being in power. Industrialization, the success in the war and continuation of communistic construction, on the one hand, and concentration camps and mass repressions : on the other hand. Without taking into account personal characteristics of the second chief of proletariat and without price the deeds of his in the course of almost 30 years of his being in power, we’ll point out only one thing : Iosif Stalin was not a venturesome person and excepting games in governmental policies, where blind levels were sometimes hundreds of thousands of human lives, he acknowledged only billiards and contests on the race track.
Let’s point out that totalizator on the race track under Iosif Stalin the only legal pastime for venturesome Soviet citizens. The most famous race tracks were situated in Moscow, Tbilisi, Tallinn, Odessa, Gorky (Nizhny Novgorod) and other cities. The son of Iosif Vissarionovich : Vasiliy was also a great admirer of race tracks.
The death of Iosif Stalin did n’t have any have an effect on the existence of legal gaming in the Soviet country. They did not exist when Stalin visited power and did not appear after his death. The different were horse contests and contests on the race tracks which attracted rather large cash means with the help of the totalizator for development of the Soviet horse mating.